Brexit: The Uncivil War

Brexit: The Uncivil War

brexit обзор

But the United Kingdom’s future relationship with the EU — and Horizon Europe — remain uncertain. Aside from that, Brexit has brought to light other issues of Irish and European identity that demand urgent attention. A recent immigration tribunal decision with far-reaching consequences has just found that Northern Irish citizens who hold Irish passports and identify as Irish will have to renounce their брексит события “automatic” British citizenship in order to exercise their rights as citizens of the European Union. With the Brexit deadline in view, this ruling—though still subject to appeal—appears to have decided a crucial area of the Good Friday Agreement’s constructive ambiguity in favor of a unionist interpretation of the law, and against Irish interests. The state of public education is especially concerning.

The British people might legitimately have chosen another course of action — but they did not. And while majoritarian democracy is an instrument of limited legitimacy and applicability (which is why we Americans have a Bill of Rights — “unalienable rights” cannot be voted away), when a question is put to the people, either the result must stand or the people must conclude that they no longer enjoy sovereignty, liberty, or democracy. The film then jumps to the referendum polling day on 23 June 2016, the announcement of the result and after a victory speech, Cummings quietly leaving the Vote Leave campaign office.

He launched the legal challenge after the prime minister and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker announced on Thursday that the two sides had come to an agreement on a Brexit withdrawal deal, ahead of a crucial EU summit in Brussels. The report on possible alternative arrangements, published on 5 November and commissioned in March by UK science minister Chris Skidmore, says that if the country does not ‘associate’ to Horizon Europe, which would give it a similar status to EU members in applying for money, the government should replace lost EU research and development funding at its current level. That amounts to around £1.5 billion (US$1.9 billion) a year, says the report, which was authored by Adrian Smith, director of the Alan Turing Institute in London, and Graeme Reid, chair of science and research policy at University College London (UCL).

It is not accidental that, when it comes to the Reform part of the slogan, there is a marked paucity of concrete suggestions regarding the putative changes to EU institutions, mechanisms, member state alliances, and so on. For, there is not the slightest chance that a socialist government, even in a powerful country such as Britain, would be able to implement radical institutional and democratic brexit новости changes within the rigid machinery of the EU. The stance of a socialist government on migration ought to be determined by concrete policies defending immigrants, while also protecting the conditions of domestic workers. A socialist government in the United Kingdom would guarantee the rights of all resident EU nationals, while requesting equivalent rights for British workers in the EU.

Rupture with the EU would immediately pose the question of democracy but also of popular sovereignty that is integral to democracy. Socialism has always presumed democracy as a fundamental political principle, implying the ability to regulate the fabric of civil and political society according to popular will and through popular power. This is the ultimate source of popular sovereignty and a prerequisite for socialist transformation. The downfall of May occurred because her deal was repeatedly rejected by the Tory Party, while her political ineptitude destroyed her authority as party leader and prime minister, eventually leading to her resignation in July 2019.

However, the transnational space of the EU is natural terrain for big business to thrive, democracy to be bypassed, and hegemonic states to limit national sovereignty. The workers and the poor of Europe have never accepted the transnational mechanisms of the EU as their own, and their class instinct has been right. It is astounding that much of the British and the European left believes that EU membership would pose brexit news no fundamental obstacles to a truly transformative socialist program of this kind. It is equally astounding that, when the subject of the entrenched neoliberalism of the EU is raised, the answer often is to Remain and Reform.30 This is no more than a catchy slogan devoid of content. The EU is beyond radical reform in the interests of workers and the poor; indeed, it is impervious to democratic pressure from below.

and merging with Ireland — although the brakes may come from an Ireland wary of inheriting the weaker Northern Ireland economy. On the contrary, the European elections of May 2019 have offered ample evidence that the Leave side is numerous and indignant. The meteoric rise of the Brexit Party led by Nigel Farage indicated the depth of popular frustration with the political debilitation of Britain. There was a powerful popular reaction against the parliamentary shenanigans and the hollowing out of democracy after the referendum.

After the Good Friday Agreement went into effect, the moderate parties that had been vital players in bringing it about—the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) on the unionist side and Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) on the nationalist side—found themselves marginalized, while the hardliners in each camp were empowered. The most dismaying aspect of post-GFA Northern Ireland has been how the more intransigent parties, Sinn Fein and the DUP, both of which initially resisted the peace process, have played on lingering tensions in their respective communities to win votes; in consequence, it was their leaders who took precedence in the devolved government power-sharing executive. This arrangement worked satisfactorily as long as Sinn Fein’s Martin McGuinness and the DUP’s Ian Paisley (and later Peter Robinson) were running the show, but whatever goodwill there was between the opposing factions has largely evaporated with their departures.

The term Brexit refers to withdrawal of United Kingdom from the European Union. In 2015, the UK Parliament initiated the legal basis for the Brexit Referendum in accordance with the European Union Referendum Act and election manifesto of the Conservative Party. It was announced by Prime Minister of UK, David Cameron that in case of re-election of Conservative Party into the government, they will hold a referendum to determine peoples’ perspective on continuation of UK’s EU membership. Hence, after coming into power as a result of 2015 general elections, in the mid of 2016 the government held a referendum widely known as the Brexit referendum in which 51.9% electorate decided in favor of UK leaving EU.

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  • This situation does not reflect well on the two main political parties, Sinn Fein and the DUP, which have not only done little to advance the healing process, but have also exacerbated tensions by their own failure to work together.
  • There is more to liberty than simple unrestricted freedom of action.
  • is headed for a new election on Dec. 12, at a time when both its major parties are headed by people who should never be trusted anywhere near Downing Street.
  • Going through the decade of centenaries, we’re very conscious of that moment the border was created and the breaking of the link with the United Kingdom, and all of that combined has made people start to think differently about Ireland as a country and to question it.
  • The deal that May negotiated for two years with the EU bore the hallmarks of the British Civil Service, not to mention furious lobbying by the City of London and big business.

The system remains deeply segregated, with only 7 percent of children attending integrated schools, a position virtually guaranteeing that the intercommunal alienation will roll over into the next generation. Healthcare, too, desperately needs an overhaul, with staff shortages and waiting lists for treatment that are considerably worse than elsewhere in the UK.

It is a policy aimed at the profitability of European capital, allowing for the employment of EU workers often under poor wages and working conditions, while excluding African and Asian workers. Freedom of movement sustains the exclusionary Fortress Europe. (Polity, 2019) is recognized as the leading work advocating Lexit, the left-wing case for Brexit, and for nations leaving the European Union more generally. In light of current Conservative British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s commitment to exit the European Union by October 31, even if it means a no-deal Brexit, the role of the left takes on growing importance.

Court of Session dismisses bid to stop ‚illegal’ Brexit deal

In this context, membership of the EU and the preeminence of liberal EU law have become ideologically associated with the defense of workers’ rights as well as with supporting the struggle for social rights in the United Kingdom. The failure of the radical left to achieve broad support for Lexit (left-wing Brexit), especially among the young, is related to these complex developments. The travails of Brexit are thus of first importance for the European left. The dilemma of Leave versus Remain and Reform is widespread across a large number of countries, shaping other major questions, including migration, austerity, and inequality. Brexit poses the most important political challenge for the European left since the debacle of Syriza in 2015.

Yet that conversation is happening, and uncomfortable as it is for many, it may not easily be shut down. The economic outlook is clouded by significant economic and political uncertainty and depends critically on the United Kingdom’s trading relationships after Brexit.

Tax and Brexit

Corbyn’s leadership team was aware of the opportunities presented by Brexit and the obstacles to implementing a socialist program within the neoliberal EU. But the rank and file of the Labour Party has changed in recent years, reflecting the transformation of the British economy. White-collar, professional workers are particularly prominent in large urban areas, strongly influenced by identity politics and with a different outlook toward political activity than traditional Labour members. They have veered toward Remain and Reform after the referendum, finding ready-made support from sections of the leadership opposed to Corbyn’s radical left-wing recasting of the Labour Party.

Indeed, although the infrastructure of the Troubles has long been dismantled, and British soldiers no longer patrol the streets, miles of so-called peace walls remain in place, primarily in the cities of Belfast and Derry. These security barriers are found predominantly in working-class areas, perpetuating the segregation of the most socially deprived segment of each community, nationalist and unionist, from each other.

brexit обзор